P160C: War

This is a highly selective list of additional readings for students in Politics 160C [War] who have found the required readings too few or too brief. In addition, students writing on one of the cases listed here will find some important bibliographic leads.

D I R E C T O R Y Click to return to top.
Section Topic
1 War Across Time
2 War Theory
3 Ethical
4 Deterrence
5 Nuclear Weapons
6 Arms Control
and Disarmament
7 ‘Limited War’
8 ‘Terrorism’ and War in the
‘New World Order’
9 ‘Peacekeeping’,
& Intervention
Section Cases
1 Peloponnesian War
2 Franco-Prussian War
4 Spanish Civil War
6 Korean War
7 Iran-Iraq War
Section Cases
8 Vietnam War
9 ‘Cuban Missile Crisis’
10 Falklands/Malvinas War
11 Gulf War
12 Yugoslav Wars
War Across Time:


Jeremy Black, Why Wars Happen [New York: New York University Press, 1998].


John Lewis Gaddis, "The Long Peace", in International Security, v 10 n 4, Spring 1986, pp. 99-142.


F. H. Hinsley, Power and the Pursuit of Peace: Theory and Practice in the History of Relations Between States [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1963].


Kalevi J. Holsti, Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648-1989 [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991].


Michael Howard, War and the Liberal Conscience (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981).


Miles Kahler, "Rumors of War: The 1914 Analogy," in Foreign Affairs, v 58 n 2, Winter 1979/80, pp. 374-396.


Mary Kaldor, "The Weapons Succession Process", in World Politics, v xxxviii, n 4, July 1986, pp. 577-595.


Peter Paret, "The History of War," in Dædalus, Spring 1971, pp. 376-396.


Lewis Fry Richardson (Quincy Wright and C. C. Lienau [eds]), Statistics of Deadly Quarrels (Pittsburgh: Boxwood Press, 1960).


John G. Stoessinger, Why Nations Go To War (New York: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 8th ed., 2001).


Quincy Wright, A Study of War (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2nd. ed. 1967). [This edition includes a commentary on war since 1942, when the work was first published.]

War Theory:


Francis A. Beer, Peace Against War [San Francisco: Freeman, 1981].


Geoffrey Blainey, The Causes of War [New York: Free Press, 1973].

Brown et al.

Michael E. Brown, Owen R. Cot, Jr., Sean M. Lynn-Jones and Steven E. Miller [eds], Theories of War and Peace [Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998]. An International Security Reader.

Bueno de Mesquita et al.

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, "Toward a Scientific Understanding of International Conflict: A Personal View"; Stephen D. Krasner, "Toward Understanding in International Relations"; Robert Jervis, "Pluralistic Rigor: A Comment on Bueno de Mesquita"; Bueno de Mesquita, "Reply to Stephen Krasner and Robert Jervis", comprising a "Symposium: Methodological Foundations of the Study of International Conflict", in International Studies Quarterly, v29 n 2, June 1985, pp. 119-154.


Barry Buzan, People, States and Fear: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner, 1991).


John Lewis Gaddis, "The Long Peace", in International Security, v 10 n 4, Spring 1986, pp. 99-142.


Bruce D. Larkin, War Stories (New York & Zurich: Peter Lang, 2001).


Richard Ned Lebow, "Windows of Opportunity: Do States Jump Through Them?", in International Security, v 9 n 1, Summer 1984, pp. 147-186.


Richard Ned Lebow, Between Peace and War [Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1981].


Jack S. Levy, “The Causes of War: A Review of Theories and Evidence,” in Philip E. Tetlock, Jo L. Husbands, Robert Jervis, Paul C. Stern and Charles Tilly eds., Behavior, Society and Nuclear War, Volume 1 [NY: Oxford University Press, 1989], pp. 209-233.


C. R. Mitchell, The Structure of International Conflict (New York: St. Martin’s, 1981).

Rotberg & Rabb

Robert I. Rotberg and Theodore K. Rabb, eds., The Origin and Prevention of Major Wars [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989].


Suganami Hidemi, On the Causes of War (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996).

Tetlock et al.

Philip E. Tetlock, Jo L. Husbands, Robert Jervis, Paul C. Stern and Charles Tilly eds., Behavior, Society and Nuclear War, Volume I [NY: Oxford University Press, 1989].


Vasquez, John A. The War Puzzle [Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993].


Vasquez, John A. "The Steps to War: Toward a Scientific Explanation of Correlates of War Findings," World Politics, October 1987, pp. 109-145.


Kenneth Waltz, Man, the State and War [New York: Columbia, 1959].

Ethical Considerations:

Finnis, Boyle & Grisez

John Finnis, Joseph Boyle and Germain Grisez, Nuclear Deterrence, Morality and Realism [Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1987].


J . Glenn Gray, The Warriors [NY: Harper & Row, 1969].


Michael Walzer, Just and Unjust Wars [Princeton: Basic Books, 1977].


George & Smoke

Alexander George and Richard Smoke, Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice [New York: Columbia University Press, 1974].


Robert Jervis, "Deterrence Theory Revisited", in World Politics, 1979, pp. 289-324.


Richard Ned Lebow, "Deterrence Failure Revisited", in International Security, v 12 n 1, Summer 1987, pp. 197-213.


Michael MccGwire, "Dilemmas and Delusions of Deterrence", in World Policy Journal, v1 n 2, Summer 1984, pp. 745-767. 


John Orme, "Deterrence Failures: A Second Look", in International Security, v 11 n 4, Spring 1987, pp. 96-124.

Nuclear Weapons:
Acheson-Lilienthal Report

Report on the International Control of Atomic Energy. US Department of State. 16 March 1946. [http://www.learnworld.com/ZNW/LWText.Acheson-Lilienthal.html]


George Bunn, “The Legal Status of U.S. Negative Security Assurances to Non-Nuclear Weapon States”, Nonproliferation Review, Spring-Summer 1997, pp. 1-17, as a pdf document.

Scowcroft Report

Report of the President’s Commission on Strategic Forces. April 1983.


Regina Cowan Karp [ed]. Security With Nuclear Weapons? Different Perspectives on National Security (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991, for the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute).


Regina Cowan Karp [ed]. Security Without Nuclear Weapons? Different Perspectives on Non-Nuclear Security (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992, for the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute).

The list which follows is the ‘short list’ of works on nuclear weapons and their control maintained at the website of the Global Collaborative on Denuclearization Design. They also provide a longer list of about 200 titles on nuclear weapons, arms control, and disarmament.

Core List:

  •   Arnett, Eric [ed]. Nuclear Weapons After the Comprehensive Test Ban: Implications for Modernization and Proliferation. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. A Stockholm International Peace Research Institute volume.
  •   Ball, Desmond and Jeffrey Richelson. Strategic Nuclear Targeting. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.
  •   Bracken, Paul J. Command and Control of Nuclear Forces. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.
  •   Feiveson, Harold A. et al. [eds]. The Nuclear Turning Point: A Blueprint for Deep Cuts and De-Alerting of Nuclear Weapons. Washington: Brookings, 1999.
  •   Gottfried, Kurt and Bruce Blair [eds]. Crisis Stability and Nuclear War. New York : Oxford University Press, 1988.
  •   Herken, Gregg. The Winning Weapon : The Atomic Bomb in the Cold War, 1945-1950. New York : Knopf: 1980.
  •   Karp, Regina Cowen [ed]. Security With Nuclear Weapons? Different Perspectives on National Security. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  •   Karp, Regina Cowen [ed]. Security Without Nuclear Weapons? Different Perspectives on Non-nuclear Security. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
  •   Sagan, Scott D. The Limits of Safety: Organizations, Acccidents, and Nuclear Weapons. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.
  •   Simpson, John. The Independent Nuclear State: the United States, Britain, and the Military Atom. London: Macmillan, 1986.
  •   US Department of State. Report on the International Control of Atomic Energy. [The Acheson-Lilienthal Report.] 16 March 1946. [http://www.learnworld.com/ZNW/LWText.Acheson-Lilienthal.html]

National Programs:

  •   Gowing, Margaret. Britain and Atomic Energy, 1939-1945. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1964.
  •   Gowing, Margaret, assisted by Lorna Arnold. Independence and Deterrence. Britain and Atomic Energy, 1945-1952. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1974. Two volumes.

  •   CHINA
  •   Lewis, John Wilson and Xue Litai. China Builds the Bomb. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1988.

  •   FRANCE
  •   Duval, Marcel and Yves Le Baut. L'arme nucléaire française; Pourquoi et comment? Paris: SPM, 1992.

  •   INDIA
  •   Perkovich, George. India's Nuclear Bomb. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000.

  •   ISRAEL
  •   Cohen, Avner. Israel and the Bomb. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.

  •   Albright, David. “South Africa and the Affordable Bomb,” in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, July/August 1994, v 50 n 4. http://www.thebulletin.org/issues/1994/ja94/ja94Albright.html.

  •   Holloway, David. Stalin and the Bomb. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994.

  •   TAIWAN
  •   Albright, David & Corey Gay. “Taiwan: Nuclear Nightmare Averted,” in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, January-February 1998, v 54 n 1. http://www.thebulletin.org/issues/1998/jf98/jf98albright.html.

  •   Kaplan, Fred and Martin J. Sherwin. The Wizards of Armageddon. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983.

Other Good Sources:

  •   Atomic Archive. Materials are also available in a CD-ROM version as well.
  •   Craig, Paul P. and John A. Jungerman. The Nuclear Arms Race : Technology and Society. New York: McGraw Hill, 1986.
  •   Russett, Bruce M. & Bruce G. Blair [intro]. Progress in Arms Control? Readings from Scientific American. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, 1979.
  •   Schwartz, Steven. Atomic Audit: the Costs and Consequences of U.S. Nuclear Weapons Since 1940. Washington: Brookings, 1998.
  •   Talbott, Strobe. Deadly Gambits : the Reagan Administration and the Stalemate in Nuclear Arms Control. New York: Knopf, 1984.
  •   Talbott, Strobe. Endgame : the Inside Story of SALT II. New York: Random House, 1979.
  •   Talbott, Strobe. The Master of the Game: Paul Nitze and the Nuclear Peace. New York: Knopf, 1988.
  •   York, Herbert F. [ed]. Arms Control. Readings from Scientific American. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1973.
  •   United States. Office of Technology Assessment. Technologies Underlying Weapons of Mass Destruction. December 1993. OTA-BP-ISC-115. NTIS order #PB94-126984. GPO stock #052-003-01361-4. http://www.wws.princeton.edu/~ota/disk1/1993/9344_n.html. Chapter 4: “Technical Aspects of Nuclear Proliferation,” pp. 119-195.

Arms Control and Disarmament:


John Newhouse, Cold Dawn: The Story of SALT [New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973].

Perle, Schelling, Sloss, Forsberg

Brief essays on abolition of ballistic missiles, in International Security, v 12 n 1, pp. 175-196: Richard Perle, "Reykjavik as a Watershed in U.S.-Soviet Arms Control" [175-178], Thomas C. Schelling, "Abolition of Ballistic Missiles" [179-183], Leon Sloss, "A World Without Ballistic Missiles" [184-189], and Randall Forsberg, "Abolishing Ballistic Missiles: Pros and Cons" [190-196].


Thomas C. Schelling, "What Went Wrong with Arms Control?", in Foreign Affairs, Winter 85/86, v 64 n 2, pp. 219-233.


Strobe Talbott, Deadly Gambits [New York: Knopf, 1984].


Strobe Talbott, The Master of the Game: Paul Nitze and the Nuclear Peace [New York: Vintage, 1989].


Strobe Talbott, Endgame: The Inside Story of SALT II [New York: Harper, 1980].

‘Limited’ War:


Eliot A. Cohen, "Contraints on America's Conduct of Small Wars", in International Security, v 9 n 2, Fall 1984, pp. 151-181.


Ronald Reagan, speeches, "Central America and U.S. Security" [16 March 1986] and "Why Democracy Matters in Central America" [24 June 1986], in Bruce D. Larkin ed., Vital Interests: The Soviet Issue in US Central American Policy [Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1988], pp. 113-129.

‘Terrorism’ and War in the ‘New World Order’:


Philip B. Heymann, Terrorism and America: A Commonsense Strategy for a Democratic Society (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1998).

Marshall & Wolf

"Sources of Change in the Future Security Environment." Andrew W. Marshall and Charles Wolf, chairmen, Future Security Environment Working Group, report submitted to the Commission on Integrated Long-Term Strategy. US Department of Defense.


International Research Group on Political Violence (IRGPV). “The Diplomacy of Counterterrorism: Lessons Learned, Ignored, and Disputed”. [pdf] Also available as an html Web page.

Peacekeeping, Peacemaking, and Intervention:


Richard Betts, "The Delusion of Impartial Intervention," in Foreign Affairs v 73 n 6, Novemb er-December 1994, pp. 20-33.


Peloponnesian War [431BC-404BC]:

de Ste. Croix

G. E. M. de Ste. Croix, The Origins of the Peloponnesian War [London: Duckworth, 1972].


Thucydides, The Complete Writings of Thucydides [NY: Modern Library, 1937]. The Peloponnesian War. [Crowley translation].


Robert B. Strassler [ed], The Landmark Thucydides: A Comprehensive Guide to the Peloponnesian War [New York: Free Press, 1996]. [Incorporates the Crowley translation.]

Franco-Prussian War [1870-72]:


Karl Marx, The Civil War in France. On the web: http://www.marx.org/Archive/1864-IWMA/1871-CWF/.

WWI [1914-1918]:


Luigi Albertini, The Origins of the War of 1914 [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1952-57], in three volumes.


Evelyn Cobley, Representing War: Form and Ideology in First World War Narratives [Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993]


Paul Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory [Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975].


James Joll, The Origins of the First World War [London: Longman’s, 1984].


Zara S. Steiner, Britain and the Origins of the First World War [New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1977].

Spanish Civil War [1936-1939]:


Noam Chomsky, American Power and the New Mandarins


Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War [New York: Harper, 1961].

WWII [1939-1945]:

Calvocoressi & Wint

Peter Calvocoressi and Guy Wint, Total War [Harmondworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1972].


Andreas Hillgruber, Germany and the Two World Wars [Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981].


Akira Iriye, The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific (London: Longman, 1987].

Robertson [ed]

Esmonde M. Robertson, The Origins of the Second World War [London: Macmillan, 1971].


William L. Shirer, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich [Greenwich, Connecticut: Fawcett, 1959].


A. J. P. Taylor, The Origins of the Second World War [Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin, 1964 [1961]].


Donald Cameron Watt, How War Came: The Immediate Origins of the Second World War 1938-1939 [New York: Pantheon, 1989].

Korean War [1950-1954]:


Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War: Volume I: Liberation and the Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945-1947 [Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1981].


Bruce Cumings, The Origins of the Korean War: Volume II: The Roaring of the Cataract, 1947-1950 [Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990].


David Rees, Korea: The Limited War [Baltimore: Penguin, 1964].


I. F. Stone, The Hidden History of the Korean War [New York: Monthly Review, 1952].

Iran-Iraq War [1981-1988]:


Dilip Hiro, The Longest War: The Iran-Iraq Military Conflict [New York: Routledge, 1991].

Vietnam War [1961-1975]:

The Pentagon Papers: The Secret History of the Vietnam War [New York: Bantam, 1971]. Edited New York Times articles with accompanying documents.


John Hart Ely, War and Responsibility: Constitutional Lessons of Vietnam and Its Aftermath [Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993].

Falk [comp]

Richard Falk [comp], The Vietnam War and International Law [Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1968-76], in four volumes.


Stanley Karnow, Vietnam: A History [New York: Penguin Books, 1983].


Reporting Vietnam: Part One: 1959-1969 and Reporting Vietnam: Part Two: 1969-1975 [Library of America, 1999].

‘Cuban Missile Crisis’ [1962]:
Cambridge Conference [Welch ed.]

David A. Welch [ed]. Proceedings of the Cambridge Conference on the Cuban Missile Crisis [11-12 October 1987]. Center for Science and International Affairs, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1989.

Chang & Kornbluh

Laurence Chang and Peter Kornbluh [eds]. The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962: A National Security Archive Documents Reader [New York: The New Press, 1992, 2nd. ed. rev & expanded 1998].


Marc Trachtenberg, "White House Tapes and Minutes of the Cuban Missile Crisis", and transcripts, in International Security, v. 10 n. 1, Summer 1985, pp. 164-203.

Falklands/Malvinas War [1982]:


G. M. Dillon, The Falklands, Politics and War [London: Macmillan, 1989].

Hastings & Jenkins

Max Hastings and Simon Jenkins, The Battle for the Falklands [New York: Norton, 1983].

Freedman & Gamba- Stonehouse

Lawrence Freedman and Virginia Gamba-Stonehouse, Signals of War [London: Faber and Faber, 1990].


Martin Middlebrook, Th Fight for the ‘Malvinas’: The Argentine Forces in the Falklands War [London: Viking, 1989].

Gulf War [1990-1991]:

Freedman & Karsh

Lawrence Freedman and Efraim Karsh, The Gulf Conflict, 1990-1991: Diplomacy and War in the New World Order [Princeton: Princeton University Press,

Sifry & Cerf

Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf [eds], The Gulf War Reader [New York: Times Books, 1991].


Michael Sterner, "Navigating the Gulf", in Foreign Policy, No. 81, Winter 1990-91, pp. 39-53.


Martin Walker, "The U.S. and the Persian Gulf Crisis", in World Policy Journal, v VII n 4, Fall 1990, pp. 791-799.


Jean Edward Smith, George Bush’s War [New York: H. Holt, 1992].

Yugoslav Wars [1991- .. ]:


Paul Garde, Vie et Mort de la Yougoslavie [Paris: Fayard, 1992].


Misha Glenny, The Fall of Yugoslavia [Penguin, 1992].


Susan Woodward, Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution After the Cold War [Brookings, 1995].

Revised 2002.04.22. Please send corrections and suggested additions to Bruce D. Larkin.