LearnWorld Explained FAQ Bosnia War Theory Templates

A LearnWorld Helpfile

LearnWorld Roles and Objects

In LearnWorld, Readers arrange their own study around selected texts.

To read how LearnWorld works, click on roles and objects in the next paragraph. In brief, a Reader reads Topics. Some readers will choose to discuss the texts with other readers, either by email or in conversation. We imagine Readers meeting in a local coffee shop to talk about the texts.

The roles in LearnWorld are Reader, Drafter/Donor, Designer/Donor, Steward, Convenor, Reviewer/Donor, Author, Tutor and Vendor. The objects are Topics, Pathways [Paths], Reviews, Texts, Portfolios, Namelists [Readers' Lists], and Shingles. Click here for a note on roles.

This is a LearnWorld Helpfile page. It's a one-trick pony. It describes the roles in LearnWorld, and the objects associated with them. To select corresponding templates, click on any Welcome Page icon or, if you wish, follow this link to the LearnWorld Welcome Page.


Reader. Namelists. Topic. Portfolio.

You might choose just to browse LearnWorld Topics, but if you settle on a Topic which you wish to explore by reading, you are a Reader . Then it's up to you whether you want to declare your interest to anyone else. You don't need to.

But if the Drafter of your topic has elected to maintain lists, you may post your name and email address by using the Readers' List facility of the corresponding LWTopic page. If, in addition, you want to find others nearby who might meet from time to time in a local coffeehouse to talk about the texts face-to-face, then post your address as well and check the appropriate option.

A Reader may elect to assemble a Portfolio. It could contain a resumé, a list of Topics and other works studied, and examples of essays [including critiques by Tutors].

The template for a Topic is LWTopic. A completed Topic will look something like the sample LWT.WarTheory. TheReader's first step in entering LearnWorld will be to find completed Topic pages which cater to interest. The template for a Portfolio is at LWPortfolio; and for a Reader at LWReader.



A Convenor gathers a group of Readers to discuss a topic. They could do so face-to-face, at a local coffee shop, or remotely. Typically the Convenor has decided to Read a Topic and, after canvassing what discussions of the Topic already exist, decides to create a new one.

The Convenor template is LWConvenor.


Namelist [Meet]. Namelist [Email]. Convenor.

Some Topics will support Namelists, on which Readers may enrol, and which they may consult. A given Topic page may include forms to submit a name to the Namelist and to search the ongoing lists. A Convenor would use the list to assemble a group of Readers ready to discuss the Topic together.

Access to Readers' Lists is part of the Topic template LWTopic.


Drafter/Donor. Topic.

A Topic is a short reading list on a well-defined subject, compiled by a Drafter. It might have as few as three or four items or as many as ten or a dozen. The topic page may include several sections in addition to the list: a brief explanation of the topic, a list of review articles, a list of references, a suggestion of related topics, and a brief annotation of each of the works. It identifies the Drafter/Donor of the list and may say something of his or her background and interests. The Drafter/Donor may recommend one or more Pathways which include this Topic. This page will also state whether there is a corresponding Namelist, and how to reach the Drafter/Donor. The template for Drafters is LWTopic.



A Steward maintains a Topic or Pathway. Often the Steward will be the Author. But sometimes an Author will elect to pass on to someone else responsibility to maintain a Topic and respond to queries.

A Steward's principal obligation to the Web is to confirm from time to time that links in the Topic are current.


Designer/Donor. Pathway.

A Designer/Donor, counterpart to the Drafters of Topics, constructs sets of Topics to form a more extended program of study on a given subject. The resultant Pathway might include a Topic which he or she had composed, but it need not. A Pathway page identifies the selected Topics, includes links to them, acknowledges their Authors, and reproduces the titles and citations. The Designer/Donor may add an explanation of reasons for the Pathway, list Reviews and references, and suggest other relevant links.

The template for use by Designers is LWPathways.



As explained above, a Reader may elect to assemble a Portfolio. It could contain a resumé, a list of Topics and other works studied, and examples of essays [including critiques by Tutors. The Portfolio would document the Reader's studies; it could be presented to a prospective employer or school, though in LearnWorld responsibility to judge the integrity of the Portfolio and the capacities of its presenter rests with the employer or school, as is in fact the usual case when applicants are considered for desirable positions.

Tutors and Vendors also use Portfolios to advertise their wares.

The Portfolio template is LWPortfolio


Reviewer/Donor. Review.

A Review presents the Reviewer/Donor's judgment of Texts, Topics, Pathways and whole fields of study. It should serve Readers and Designer/Donors, both of whom must make choices among approaches to subjects of study. The Reviewer/Donor might, too, suggest Topics or Pathways which he or she believes would be useful.

The corresponding template is LWReviewer, on which Reviewers identify their work. Reviews themselves take the form of Texts: template LWText.


Text. Author. Reviewer.

Although almost all Texts are today unavailable on-line, an Author may choose to publish on-line, to use the Text in a Topic he or she has composed, or to call it to the attention of other Drafters, Designers and Reviewers.

The template is LWText


Tutor. Shingle. Portfolio.

A Tutor offers to suggest programs of study or problems a Reader might address in an essay, and to provide a critical reading of essays. He or she uses a Shingle page to declare interests, and a Portfolio to illustrate his or her capacity to comment on a Reader's work in a helpful fashion. Although friends and associates may choose to serve as Tutors gratis, the presumption is that a Tutor will perform a thoughtful and skilled service which should be well-compensated. A good rule of thumb is that the Tutor should expect 1/800ths of the per capita national income for an hour's work. A second rule of thumb, however, is that the first hour-or-so unit of work performed by a Tutor for a Reader should be a gift, but all subsequent units paid in advance.

TheTutor's shingle is based on the template LWTutor.


Vendor. Shingle. Portfolio.

Since study remains almost totally reliant on books and articles printed on paper, Readers need a convenient and efficient way to obtain hard copy versions of many of the Texts which will appear on Topics. A Vendor advertises by Shingle and Portfolio what works it offers, with links for order and payment. In principle, hard copy should be deliverable overnight.


A Note on Roles.

You can play one, or two, or several roles, all at once, or in succession. You can browse LearnWorld and become a Reader if you have InterNet access and a Web browser, such as Netscape. If you wish to be an Drafter/Donor, Reviewer/Donor, Author, Tutor, or Vendor, you will also need to be able to publish on the Web, from a Web presence: for example, you might have your own 'home page' through your firm or institution, or you might subscribe to a Web provider such as Webcom.

LearnWorld is not a solemn place. It is not a classroom in which you must sit still, nor is it a teacher telling you what to know. In LearnWorld, everyone is present by choice. Astonishment is desirable. If you listen hard, outcries of 'Eureka!' can be heard.


LearnWorld is © 1995, 1996 Bruce D. Larkin and Helen Kruse Larkin. We can be reached through our home page by email: A full statement of the terms and conditions for use of this template appears at the bottom of the Welcome Page and in the 'source' version of this page.


Version Information

Template set issued 95.11.01 We recommend updating all templates issued prior to 95.11.01. This template last revised: 96.12.26.